The inability to impregnate a female after one year of sexual activity without contraceptives being involved. Fertility depends on the production of normal quantities of healthy sperm, ability to achieve an erection and to ejaculate sperm into the vagina during sexual intercourse. The body parts involved are Genitals, endocrine system, and nervous control.
1. Minor abnormalities of the reproductive system.
2. Hormonal dysfunction, especially of the Thyroid gland.
3. Repeated weight-gain/weight-loss cycles.
4. Emotional Stress.
5. Vaginitis, ovarian cysts, endometriosis, tumors.
6. Amenorrhea (lack of menstrual periods) caused by strenuous exercise programs or nutritional disorders.
7. Disorders of the cervix, such as infection, laceration from previous childbirth or narrowing of the cervical opening for any reason.
8. The use of some medications, including oral contraceptives.
9. Chemical changes in the cervical mucus. Chemical changes in the cervical mucus.
1. Surgery to correct anatomical abnormalities of the reproductive system.
2. In-vitro fertilization, eggs from the female are harvested, impregnated with sperm from the male and implanted in the uterus.
3. Avoid preventable causes of infertility, especially poor nutrition.
Possible Complications - Psychological distress caused by feelings of guilt, inadequacy and loss of self-esteem.
Probable Outcome - Many fertility problems are minor and reversible. Approach treatment with optimism
1. Your partner should withdraw his Penis quickly from your vagina after ejaculation. If left in, it reduces the number of sperm that can swim toward the egg.
2. Keep a basal body-temperature chart to become familiar with your ovulation pattern. Ask your doctor for instructions.
3. Have intercourse just before ovulation, which can be determined from the chart.
4. After your partner’s ejaculation, place pillows under your buttocks to provide an easier downhill swim for the sperm.
5. Avoid physical exhaustion prior to intercourse
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